By Jeremy Herb, Barbara Starr and Ellie Kaufman, CNN
Updated: Thu, 24 Feb 2022 23:13:34 GMT
US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin deployed an additional 7,000 US troops to Europe on Thursday following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, a move intended to bolster NATO countries in Eastern Europe in the face of Moscow's aggression.
President Joe Biden said at the White House Thursday that he'd ordered additional ground and air forces already stationed in Europe to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Romania, and he said that "additional US force capabilities" would be sent to Germany.
"The United States will defend every inch of NATO territory with the full force of American power," the President said. "And the good news is NATO is more united and more determined than ever."
A senior US defense official told reporters shortly after Biden's announcement that Austin had ordered the new deployment to Europe. "This would comprise an armored brigade combat team with associated capabilities and enablers," the official said. "They will deploy to Germany to reassure NATO Allies, deter Russian aggression and be prepared to support a range of requirements in the region. We expect them to depart in the coming days."
Russia's invasion of its neighbor in Ukraine is the largest conventional military attack that's been seen since World War II, the senior defense official said Thursday outlining US observations of the unfolding conflict.
"We haven't seen a conventional move like this, nation-state to nation-state, since World War II, certainly nothing on this size and scope and scale," the official told reporters Thursday. "And if it unfolds the way that hereto we have come to believe that it will, it has every potential to be very bloody, very costly and very impactful on European security writ large, perhaps for a long, long time to come."
The US had been issuing stark warnings for weeks that Russian President Vladimir Putin would launch an attack on Ukraine on a scale not seen in decades. The US and its European allies are set to unveil sanctions on Russia Thursday in response to Moscow's aggression, though US President Joe Biden has made clear US troops deploying to NATO counties in eastern Europe will not be drawn into the conflict in Ukraine, which is not a member of NATO.
Russia's initial attack included "three main axes of assault," according to the defense official. The initial attack included more than 100 Russian-launched missiles, including short-range and medium-range ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, surface-to-air missiles and sea-launched missiles from the Black Sea.
There were 75 fixed-wing heavy and medium bombers that were also part of the initial attack, the official said, and Russia began "some ground incursions" into Ukraine from Belarus, which borders Ukraine to the north. Russian troops had been stationed in Belarus for what Moscow claimed were military exercises.
So far, the Russian military has targeted military and air defense targets in Ukraine, including barracks, ammunition warehouses and nearly 10 airfields, the official said.
"We do not have a good sense of total damage, as you might expect. We do not have a good sense of casualties, civilian and/or military," the official added.
The US plans to continue its recent pattern of selectively revealing Putin's plans as they learn them, officials said Thursday, even though it's now clear the strategy could not prevent an invasion of Ukraine.
Officials say they expect to continue using the tactic of releasing intelligence, not necessarily to deter Putin -- which hasn't proved successful -- but to counter Russian claims about events on the ground. That could include rebutting Russian claims about atrocities or seeking to expose some of Putin's plans ahead of time.
More US military assets will arrive in Eastern European countries later Thursday, the senior defense official said.
Six F-35s will arrive in Estonia, Lithuania and Romania, two to each country, according to the official. A group of attack helicopters "are on their way," the official said, while noting there's been "some weather issues" to get them to their locations. "We still expect those Apaches to get on site later today," the official said.
On Tuesday, Biden announced more US military assets would be deployed to NATO allies in Eastern Europe.
That announcement included the movement of up to eight F-35 strike fighters from Germany to other Eastern European nations along NATO's eastern flank, 20 AH-64 helicopters from Germany to the Baltic region, and 12 AH-64 helicopters moved from Greece to Poland, a senior defense official said Tuesday.
Biden and US officials have said repeatedly that US troops are not going into Ukraine, but they are being deployed to reinforce NATO's eastern flank.
"US troops remain outside of Ukraine," the official added..